ChBE Seminar Series: Claus Daniel
Tuesday, October 6, 2009
11:00 a.m.-12:15 p.m.
Room 2110 Chemical and Nuclear Eng. Bldg.
Professor Chunsheng Wang
Lithium Ion Batteries: Materials Processing and Mechanical Degradation
Presented by Claus Daniel
Research Staff, Oak Ridge National Laboratory
Electrochemical Energy Storage Team Member, Vehicle Technologies Program (VTP), DOE-EERE, Washington, D.C.
Adjunct Assistant Professor, University of Tennesse
Lithium ion battery technology is projected to be the leapfrog technology for the electrification of the drivetrain and to provide stationary storage solutions to enable the effective use of renewable energy sources. Extensive research and development has enhanced the technology to a stage where it seems very likely that safe and reliable lithium ion batteries will soon be on board hybrid electric and electric vehicles and connected to solar cells and windmills. However, safety of the technology is still a concern, service life is not yet sufficient, and costs are too high. New materials processing technology is needed to reduce cost. Mechanical degradation and fatigue behavior has to be better understood in order to provide microstructural solutions to new and advanced energy storage systems. This presentation will give an overview for a materials science community to bundle forces and help solve our energy problem.
About the Speaker
Dr. Claus Daniel is a material scientist works on materials processing and characterization development for advanced energy storage systems. He has expertise on thin film structures, mechanical and functional properties, surface processing, and laser treatment. He has developed laser interference direct structuring technique and applied it to metals, intermetallics, ceramics, and polymers for a variety of industrial applications. In July 2005, he was appointed an ORNL research staff member and is an adjunct faculty at UT since April 2007. He holds a PhD from the Saarland University and two M.S., one from the Saarland University and the other from the Lorraine National Polytechnic Institute. He was awarded the Carl-Eduard-Schulte-Prize 2002 from the German Engineering Society, the Young Professionals Award 2003 from the German Materials Society, the Eugene P. Wigner Fellowship Award 2005 from Oak Ridge National Laboratory, the Dr. Eduard Martin Prize 2006 from his former university, the Saarland University, and recently the Werner Koster Prize from the German Materials Society and the Carl Hanser Publishing Company. He is an active member of the Electrochemical Society (ECS), the Deutsche Gesellschaft fur Materialkunde (DGM).
His research has been focused on laser-material interaction, non-destructive materials analysis such as ultrasonic tests, atomic force microscopy, X-ray diffraction, and destructive microstructure analysis with techniques such as transmission electron microscopy, scanning electron microscopy, metallography, focused ion beam techniques, nano-indentation. His research interests focus on functional materials for industrial, biomedical, energy storage, and energy conversion applications. Recently, his focus on energy storage materials and processing gained significantly more interest and he started to concentrate his efforts. He has a leading role in the development of the new research portfolio on energy storage at Oak Ridge National Laboratory and is advocating a stronger emphasis on materials and processing for energy storage in order to increase domestic manufacturing and better understand life time and performance limitations of batteries. With this background, he has been invited to lectures at several universities and international conferences such as MS&T, ECS, and TMS.
Dr. Daniel is the editor of the second edition of Wiley-VCH's "Handbook of Battery Materials" scheduled to be published in early summer 2010. Dr. Daniel has authored and co-authored a number of peer reviewed scientific publications, holds one patent and one patent pending, and provided two book chapters in the areas of materials characterization, thin films and coatings, mechanical and magnetic properties, and laser interference direct structuring of metals, ceramics, and polymers. He has been invited for numerous lectures in USA, Germany, France, and Austria.