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Wachsman, Eric

Eric Wachsman
Professor and William L. Crentz Centennial Chair in Energy Research
Director, University of Maryland Energy Research Center
1206A Engineering Lab Building
Lab Description: 

News About This Professor


Ph.D., Stanford University, 1990

Research Interests 

Solid oxide fuel cells, gas separation membranes, solid-state gas sensors, electrocatalytic conversion of CH4, post-combustion reduction of NOx.


Eric Wachsman, an expert on solid oxide fuel cells, is the University of Maryland Energy Research Center's first director.

Before joining the University of Maryland, he spearheaded the creation of the Florida Institute on Sustainable Energy at the University of Florida, and served as a senior scientist at SRI International.

Wachsman has focused his career on developing advanced, efficient, energy conversion devices and technologies. His research is on ionic transport in solids and the heterogeneous electrocatalysis at their surface. This research includes the development of solid oxide fuel cells, gas separation membranes, solid-state gas sensors, the electrocatalytic conversion of CH4, and the post-combustion reduction of NOx using advanced ion conducting materials.

Wachsman is a Fellow of the Electrochemical Society (ECS) and the past chair of the High Temperature Materials Division of ECS. He is the editor-in-chief of <em>Ionics.</em> and former associate editor of the Journal of the American Ceramic Society. He has more than 140 publications and eight patents on ionic and electronic transport in ceramics, their catalytic properties, and device performance.

Wachsman is also a frequently-invited panelist on fuel cell and hydrogen energy research, ranging from the U.S. Department of Energy "Fuel Cell Report to Congress" and "Basic Research Needs Related to High Temperature Electrochemical Devices for Hydrogen Production, Storage and Use," to the National Science Foundation "Workshop on Fundamental Research Needs in Ceramics," NATO "Mixed Ionic-Electronic Conducting (MIEC) Perovskites for Advanced Energy Systems,” and the National Academies' “Global Dialogues on Emerging Science and Technologies."

Current Research Projects 

The Wachsman lab is at the forefront of renewable energy research involving high temperature ceramics. Dr. Wachsman's advances in fundamental ionic transport and electrocatalysis have revolutionized solid oxide fuel cells (SOFCs), ion transport membranes, and solid state sensors. SOFCs convert fuels directly into electricity, water and CO2, offering exciting applications in utility scale and automobile energy storage. Ion transport membranes are key to syn gas production systems. Solid state sensors provide an inexpensive, rugged sensor that offers a high temperature tolerance and long life span in applications such as NOx detection in combustion exhaust.

These technologies are on the verge of commercialization and changing the landscape of energy. The deployment and continued development of these devices will increase the flexibility of how and when energy is used and decrease the price.

Please see Professor Wachsman's web site for more information on his group's work in:


Honors and Awards 

Fellow, Electrochemical Society

Professional Memberships 

  • American Chemical Society
  • Electrochemical Society
  • International Society for Solid State Ionics
  • Materials Research Society

Selected Publications 

Macam, E. R.; Blackburn, B. M.; Wachsman, E. D., The effect of La(2)CuO(4) sensing electrode thickness on a potentiometric NO(x) sensor response. Sensors and Actuators B-Chemical 2011, 157 (2), 353-360.

Duncan, K. L.; Lee, K.-T.; Wachsman, E. D., Dependence of open-circuit potential and power density on electrolyte thickness in solid oxide fuel cells with mixed conducting electrolytes. Journal of Power Sources 2011, 196 (5), 2445-2451.

Jung, D. W.; Duncan, K. L.; Camaratta, M. A.; Lee, K. T.; Nino, J. C.; Wachsman, E. D., Effect of Annealing Temperature and Dopant Concentration on the Conductivity Behavior in (DyO(1.5))(x)-(WO(3))(y)-(BiO(1.5))(1-x-y). Journal of the American Ceramic Society 2010, 93 (5), 1384-1391.

Park, J.-Y.; Azad, A.-M.; Song, S.-J.; Wachsman, E. D., Titania-Based Miniature Potentiometric Carbon Monoxide Gas Sensors with High Sensitivity. Journal of the American Ceramic Society 2010, 93 (3), 742-749.

Xu, H.; Behera, R. K.; Wang, Y.; Ebrahimi, F.; Sinnott, S. B.; Wachsman, E. D.; Phillpot, S. R., A critical assessment of interatomic potentials for ceria with application to its elastic properties. Solid State Ionics 2010, 181 (11-12), 551-556.

Jung, D. W.; Duncan, K. L.; Wachsman, E. D., Effect of total dopant concentration and dopant ratio on conductivity of (DyO(1.5))(x)-(WO(3))(y)-(BiO(1.5))1-x-y. Acta Materialia 2010, 58 (2), 355-363.

Park, J.-Y.; Song, S.-J.; Wachsman, E. D., Highly Sensitive/Selective Miniature Potentiometric Carbon Monoxide Gas Sensors with Titania-Based Sensing Elements. Journal of the American Ceramic Society 2010, 93 (4), 1062-1068.

Ahn, J. S.; Omar, S.; Yoon, H.; Nino, J. C.; Wachsman, E. D., Performance of anode-supported solid oxide fuel cell using novel ceria electrolyte. Journal of Power Sources 2010, 195 (8), 2131-2135.

Bishop, S. R.; Duncan, K. L.; Wachsman, E. D., Thermo-Chemical Expansion in Strontium-Doped Lanthanum Cobalt Iron Oxide. Journal of the American Ceramic Society 2010, 93 (12), 4115-4121.

Li, J.; Yoon, H.; Oh, T.-k.; Wachsman, E. D., Stability of SrCe(1-x)Zr(x)O(3-delta) under Water Gas Shift Reaction Conditions. Journal of the Electrochemical Society 2010, 157 (3), B383-B387.

Jung, D. W.; Nino, J. C.; Duncan, K. L.; Bishop, S. R.; Wachsman, E. D., Enhanced long-term stability of bismuth oxide-based electrolytes for operation at 500 A degrees C. Ionics 2010, 16 (2), 97-103.

Li, J.; Yoon, H.; Oh, T.-K.; Wachsman, E. D., High temperature SrCe(0.9)Eu(0.1)O(3-delta) proton conducting membrane reactor for H(2) production using the water-gas shift reaction. Applied Catalysis B-Environmental 2009, 92 (3-4), 234-239.

Oh, T.; Li, J.; Yoon, H.; Wachsman, E. D., Stability of SrCe(0.9)Eu(0.1)O(3-delta) and SrZr(0.2)Ce(0.7)Eu(0.1)O(3-delta) under H(2) atmospheres. Ionics 2009, 15 (5), 525-530.

Ahn, J. S.; Pergolesi, D.; Camaratta, M. A.; Yoon, H.; Lee, B. W.; Lee, K. T.; Jung, D. W.; Traversa, E.; Wachsman, E. D., High-performance bilayered electrolyte intermediate temperature solid oxide fuel cells. Electrochemistry Communications 2009, 11 (7), 1504-1507.

Duncan, K. L.; Wachsman, E. D., Continuum-Level Analytical Model for Solid Oxide Fuel Cells with Mixed Conducting Electrolytes. Journal of the Electrochemical Society 2009, 156 (9), B1030-B1038.

Fabbri, E.; Oh, T.-k.; Licoccia, S.; Traversa, E.; Wachsman, E. D., Mixed Protonic/Electronic Conductor Cathodes for Intermediate Temperature SOFCs Based on Proton Conducting Electrolytes. Journal of the Electrochemical Society 2009, 156 (1), B38-B45.

Jaiswal, A.; Wachsman, E. D., Impedance studies on bismuth-ruthenate-based electrodes. Ionics 2009, 15 (1), 1-9.

Yoon, H.; Song, S.-J.; Oh, T.; Li, J.; Duncan, K. L.; Wachsman, E. D., Fabrication of Thin-Film SrCe(0.9)Eu(0.1)O(3-delta) Hydrogen Separation Membranes on Ni-SrCeO(3) Porous Tubular Supports. Journal of the American Ceramic Society 2009, 92 (8), 1849-1852.

Yoo, J.; Oh, D.; Wachsman, E. D., Investigation of WO(3)-based potentiometric sensor performance (M/YSZ/WO(3), M = Au, Pd, and TiO(2)) with varying counter electrode. Solid State Ionics 2008, 179 (37), 2090-2100.

Van Assche, F. M.; Nino, J. C.; Wachsman, E. D., Infrared and X-ray photoemission Spectroscopy of adsorbates on La(2)CuO(4) to determine potentiometric NO(x) sensor response mechanism. Journal of the Electrochemical Society 2008, 155 (7), J198-J204.

Duncan, K. L.; Wang, Y.; Bishop, S. R.; Ebrahimi, F.; Wachsman, E. D., The role of point defects in the physical properties of nonstoichiometric ceria. Journal of Applied Physics 2007, 101 (4).

Jaiswal, A.; Hu, C.-T.; Wachsman, E. D., Bismuth ruthenate-stabilized bismuth oxide composite cathodes for IT-SOFC. Journal of the Electrochemical Society 2007, 154 (10), B1088-B1094.

Yoo, J.; Chatterjee, S.; Wachsman, E. D., Sensing properties and selectivities of a WO3/YSZ/Pt potentiometric NOx sensor. Sensors and Actuators B-Chemical 2007, 122 (2), 644-652.

Yoo, J.; Wachsman, E. D., NO2/NO response of Cr2O3- and SnO2-based potentiometric sensors and temperature-programmed reaction evaluation of the sensor elements. Sensors and Actuators B-Chemical 2007, 123 (2), 915-921.

Yoo, J.; Chatterjee, S.; Van Assche, F. M.; Wachsman, E. D., Influence of adsorption and catalytic reaction on sensing properties of a potentiometric La2CuO4/YSZ/Pt sensor yy. Journal of the Electrochemical Society 2007, 154 (7), J190-J195.

Yoo, J.; Yoon, H.; Wachsman, E. D., Sensing properties of MOx/YSZ/Pt (MOx = Cr2O3, SnO2, CeO2) potentiometric sensor for NO2 detection. Journal of the Electrochemical Society 2006, 153 (11), H217-H221.

Song, S.-J.; Wachsman, E. D., Non-galvanic hydrogen production using high steam pressure gradients. Chemistry Letters 2006, 35 (9), 1068-1069.

Wachsman, E. D., FUEL 271-Deconvolution of SOFC cathode polarization. Abstracts of Papers of the American Chemical Society 2006, 232.

Duncan, K. L.; Wang, Y.; Bishop, S. R.; Ebrahimi, F.; Wachsman, E. D., Role of point defects in the physical properties of fluorite oxides. Journal of the American Ceramic Society 2006, 89 (10), 3162-3166.

Related News 

UMD Researchers Seek to Improve 3D Microstructure Characterization at the Nanoscale
FIB/SEM utilized to perform nanotomography on solid oxide fuel cells. January 10, 2018

UMD ECS Student Chapter receives national award
A record of excellence August 30, 2017

Legislators, University Administrators Gather to Launch Maryland Energy Innovation Institute
The institute was created to turn research breakthroughs into commercial, clean energy solutions. August 15, 2017

Professor Eric Wachsman elected to World Academy of Ceramics
WAC names new inductees July 27, 2017

Energy Department Announces $19.4 Million Investment in Advanced Vehicle Technologies
Drs. Wachsman, Hu and Wang receive awards. July 12, 2017

ChBE Researchers Develop Clean, Efficient Method of Natural Gas Conversion
Sakbodin, Liu and Wachsman have created a membrane reactor that converts methane gas into more valuable material. July 6, 2017

Eric Wachsman to Receive 2017 Wagner Memorial Award
Award will be presented at the 232nd ECS Meeting in October. June 23, 2017

Gov. Hogan Signs into Law $7.5M Maryland Energy Innovation Institute at UMD
MSE/ChBE Professor Eric Wachsman will tak a lead role in its development. May 8, 2017

Gov Hogan Announces UMD’s Role in $65M Environmental Agenda
Maryland Governor Larry Hogan has announced $7.5 million in funding to create the Green Energy Institute. January 5, 2017

UMD Researchers Find Ultra-thin Solution to Primary Obstacle in Solid-State Battery Development
Clark School researchers are developing game-changing solid-state battery technology December 19, 2016

Fourth Consecutive Win for UMD Electrochemical Society Student Chapter
University of Maryland Electrochemical Society Students win Student Chapter Award for the fourth year in a row. July 25, 2016

UMERC Director Keynote Speaker at Battery Safety Conference in November
UMERC Director Eric Wachsman will deliver the Keynote Presentation at the 7th Annual Battery Safety Conference, Nov 3-4, 2016. July 22, 2016

UMD has Largest University Showing at 2016 ARPA-E Summit
UMD researchers showcase transformative energy research at ARPA-E Energy Innovation Summit March 4, 2016

UMD Students Win Third Consecutive Electrochemical Society Student Chapter Award
University of Maryland Electrochemical Society Students win Student Chapter Award for the third year in a row. September 15, 2015

Gates Foundations awards UMD project to address world sanitation problems
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University of Maryland Researchers Accept NASA Mission: Build a Better Battery for Space Exploration
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High Energy at Extreme Battery Center’s First Meeting
New research center expands scope and draws regional experts. June 1, 2015

2014-2015 ChBE Undergraduate Awards
Exceptional students recognized at annual ceremony. April 20, 2015

UMERC Researchers Came Out in Force at the ARPA-E Summit
UMERC Faculty promoted their transformative energy research last week at the ARPA-E Energy Innovation Summit February 16, 2015

Electrochemical Society Wins 2nd Student Chapter Award
Chapter honored at annual meeting. October 14, 2014

UMERC's Advanced Energy Storage Technology Selected by NASA
Energy storage research at UMERC has been selected by NASA to potentially power future space missions. August 8, 2014

UMD-Designed WaterShed to Open at Pepco Sustainability Center Dedication
WaterShed sustainable structure was the winner of the 2011 U.S. Department of Energy Solar Decathlon. April 21, 2014

International Association for Hydrogen Energy Honors Wachsman for Fuel Cell Research
Professor receives 2014 Sir William Grove Award. February 21, 2014

C. Wang Enters R&D Partnership with Huizhou Eve Energy
Professor will develop battery components for China’s top manufacturer. December 16, 2013

UMD Researchers Awarded Two ARPA-E Grants for Electric Vehicle Energy Storage Systems
Eric Wachsman and Chunsheng Wang receive funding to create innovative batteries for electric vehicle energy storage systems. August 23, 2013

Electrochemical Society Student Chapter Wins Chapter Award
Young group named ECS' first Outstanding Student Chapter. July 23, 2013

Wachsman Talks Fuel Cells on "Ceramic Tech Today" (VIDEO)
American Ceramic Society blog features talk on role of solid oxide fuel cells in nation's energy strategy. April 1, 2013

UMD Students Visit Congress to Raise Visibility for Science, Engineering and Technology
UMD's Student Chapter of the Electrochemical Society met with Congress on March 12-13 to show value of R&D funding. March 31, 2013

Wachsman Wins Fuel Cell Seminar & Energy Exposition Award
Energy Center director honored for work to commercialize fuel cells. November 8, 2012

Wachsman Elected Fellow
American Ceramic Society honors professor's work in fuel cell development. October 19, 2012

Wachsman Pioneers Transformational Energy Technology
TAP-based Redox Power Systems offers future energy solutions. October 10, 2012

Wachsman Tapped for Grid Reliability Panel
Clark School's Ayyub also provides testimony for roundtable on improving Maryland's electric distribution system. September 7, 2012

Wachsman Receives Outstanding Achievement Award
Clark School fuel cell expert honored by Electrochemical Society. May 23, 2012

Energy Team Turns in Strong Performance at $75K Business Plan Competition
RedOx takes second place in division, wins Warren Citrin Social Impact Award. April 26, 2012

Solid Oxide Fuel Cell Research Sparks Media Coverage
Recent press release gets attention from Scientific American, others. December 2, 2011

Want Fuel Cells? Think Outside the Hydrogen Tank
Energy expert advocates investing in "the other fuel cell" to reduce reliance on fossil fuels now, not in decades. November 17, 2011

Energy Center Celebrates Grand Opening
Top federal and state energy advisors speak at event. Watch online. September 26, 2011

Conway, Ehrman, Guo and Wachsman Present at Sustainability Workshop
Presentations covered solar and fuel cell solutions, advanced batteries. April 25, 2011

Gov. O'Malley Taps Wachsman for Clean Energy Board
UMERC director appointed to Board of Directors of the Maryland Clean Energy Center. January 7, 2011

Clark School Names First UMERC Director
Fuel cell expert, national panelist Eric Wachsman to lead energy research efforts. May 27, 2009